Scour aprons remain the most effective way to prevent undermining of a bridge structure by hindering the water from directly eroding the foundations.
North of Dexter, Cowley County, Kansas, there are visible ruins of a stone arch bridge on Grouse Creek, yet no records of this bridge are forthcoming.
A map showing where all the stone arch bridges built on Grouse Creek, Cowley County, Kansas, were located, coupled with a list of references for each.
Even with stone obsolete, Cowley county, Kansas, still built a few stone bridges over Grouse Creek, though complications with state laws soon ensued.
The three bridges of Silverdale, Cowley County, Kansas, were once stone arch bridges important to the community, and carried the road to Oklahoma.
Cowley County, Kansas built numerous stone arch bridges over Grouse Creek, which were particularly suited to and popular in the area.
Cowley County, Kansas several daring-span stone arch bridges over the Grouse Creek which set records for the entire state.
Stone arch bridges from past centuries are widely used across the world, and stone bridges are even still built in some places.
Beginning in the late 1800s, stone arch culverts and their construction became popular with the people and townships of Butler County, Kansas.
Stone arch bridges must have substantial and properly designed abutments in order to resist the enormous thrust of the arch without yielding.